“The only real voyage of discovery consists not in seeking new landscapes but in having new eyes.”

Marcel Proust (1871-1922)

Within the IB program at St. Stephen'sTheory of Knowledge (ToK) allows students to discover and share views on a variety of issues, while pushing them to explore different approaches to unfamiliar subjects. Philosophical concepts that underpin different disciplines are discussed and debated. Arguments are judged on the ways in which logic and values are applied to a range of issues. This challenging IB course encourages students to look more clearly at how they learn, and how they understand academic subjects. More broadly, students must think about how they and others interpret the world around them.

ToK is a critical component that weaves the entire IB program together. Through a series of entry points, such as Ways of Knowing, which focuses on how we gain knowledge of the world and our place in it, in conjunction with Areas of Knowledge, that explores our methods of gaining knowledge, students develop the tools to investigate and evaluate the nature of learning across their curriculum, while enabling them to be critical and receptive world citizens.


Spanning the first three semesters of the IB diploma, ToK culminates with a critical essay and a presentation on a topic of the student's choosing.

St. Stephen's School Rome

Via Aventina 3, 00153 Rome, Italy

Tel: +39 065750605

Fax: +39 065741941

Email: ststephens@sssrome.it

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